Mary had other sons and daughters that could have taken care of their mom. Jesus is saying that it would be better for her to be with John than with them. We do not know how much longer she lived nor for how long this arrangement lasted.
This is a prophecy. It is also his salvation. Just as we look back to the cross for our salvation, the saints of that day were judged by their belief forward to the cross. It is also a detailed description of a physical resurrection of our flesh. Not sure how the Sadducee explained this one away.
As is so often seen public uprisings break past the containment of civic law and common sense. It is a sight into the heart of evil itself to see the dynamics of the stirred/inflamed mass. The flame may start with one man but, that one man seeks others and then many others get swept along. Paul is wisely kept away from the scene.
If the preparations of the heart are the Lord's kjv@Proverbs:16:1, if his goings forth are from the Lord and his way cannot be understood outside of the Lord kjv@Proverbs:20:24 and if it is only the counsel of the Lord that will stand kjv@Proverbs:19:21, what do we have other than to choose which of His steps to take? In light of kjv@Romans:1:18-24 God prepared hearts to follow after Him, He gave them a choice, as much as He prepared they still chose contrary, their steps now are directed (that choice leads to these steps) yet His counsel must stand - they are condemned for transgressing the preparation laid into their hearts.
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