The descendants of Esau from the Seir mountains, the Edomites are to be judged. Esau and Jacob had reconciled, but, his seed had renewed the quarrel and become frequent enemies of Israel shedding their blood. They had supposed that both lands Judah and Israel would one day be their own and had taken strength in the desolation of Israel. I am unsure of the time frame for this judgment as it seems to be when the whole earth rejoices (which may refer to the Millennium?). The Geneva notes call the people mentioned Idumeans, I'm not sure if there is a link.
This does not say that the gentile nations will be allowed their own gods to walk in or that other gods exist. There will be but one God Jehovah. It instead marks an important relationship between the people of Israel to the name Jehovah, a peculiar bond that they will always have. As special as that name will be to all the peoples, it will still mean more given their history to the Hebrews. As is rightfully so!
The Lord's determination is to gather the nations. He has done it before, He will do it again. Some would think that this would be a good thing, the nations assembled together. However it is not for their own good they are drawn, it is to pour out His indignation. He is jealous for all the peoples of all the kingdoms. He pours it out with the hope that they will turn and see.
2012 - pBiblx2 Field Wise Bible System Version 2.0.9d - GPL3