Ahaz @ possessor. (1.) A grandson of Jonathan ( 1Chronicles:8:351Chronicles:9:42). (2.) The son and successor of Jotham, king of Judah ( 2Kings:16; Isaiah:7-9; 2Chronicals:28). He gave himself up to a life of wickedness and idolatry. Notwithstanding the remonstrances and warnings of Isaiah, Hosea, and Micah, he appealed for help against Rezin, king of Damascus, and Pekah, king of Israel, who threatened Jerusalem, to Tiglath-pileser, the king of Assyria, to the great injury of his kingdom and his own humilating subjection to the Assyrians ( 2Kings:16:7-92Kings:15:29). He also introduced among his people many heathen and idolatrous customs Isaiah:8:19Isaiah:38:8; 2Kings:23:12). He died at the age of thirty-five years, after reigning sixteen years (B.C. 740-724), and was succeeded by his son Hezekiah. Because of his wickedness he was "not brought into the sepulchre of the kings."
Ahaziah @ held by Jehovah. (1.) The son and successor of Ahab. He followed the counsels of his mother Jezebel, and imitated in wickedness the ways of his father. In his reign the Moabites revolted from under his authority ( 2Kings:3:5-7). He united with Jehoshaphat in an attempt to revive maritime trade by the Red Sea, which proved a failure ( 2Chronicals:20:35-37). His messengers, sent to consult the god of Ekron regarding his recovery from the effects of a fall from the roof-gallery of his palace, were met on the way by Elijah, who sent them back to tell the king that he would never rise from his bed (kjvKings:22:51; 2Kings:1:18). (2.) The son of Joram, or Jehoram, and sixth king of Judah. Called Jehoahaz ( 2Chronicals:21:172Chronicals:25:23), and Azariah ( 2Chronicals:22:6). Guided by his idolatrous mother Athaliah, his reign was disastrous ( 2Kings:8:24-292Kings:9:29). He joined his uncle Jehoram, king of Israel, in an expedition against Hazael, king of Damascus; but was wounded at the pass of Gur when attempting to escape, and had strength only to reach Megiddo, where he died ( 2Kings:9:22-28). He reigned only one year.