Dictionary Mode: all:CAPTAIN
Captain @ (1.) Heb. sar ( 1Samuel:22:2; 2Samuel:23:19). Rendered "chief," Genesis:40:2 Genesis:41:9; rendered also "prince," Daniel:1:7; "ruler," Judges:9:30; "governor,' kjvKings:22:26. This same Hebrew word denotes a military captain Exodus:18:21; 2Kings:1:9; Deuteronomy:1:15; 1Samuel:18:13, etc.), the "captain of the body-guard" Genesis:37:36 Genesis:39:1 Genesis:41:10 ; Jeremiah:40:1), or, as the word may be rendered, "chief of the executioners" (marg.). The officers of the king's body-guard frequently acted as executioners. Nebuzar-adan Jeremiah:39:13) and Arioch Daniel:2:14) held this office in Babylon. The "captain of the guard" mentioned in Acts:28:16 was the Praetorian prefect, the commander of the Praetorian troops. (2.) Another word (Heb. katsin) so translated denotes sometimes a military Joshua:10:24; Judges:11:6 Judges:11:11 Isaiah:22:3 "rulers;" Daniel:11:18) and sometimes a civil command, a judge, magistrate, Arab. _kady_, Isaiah:1:10 Isaiah:3:6; Micah:3:1 Micah:3:9). (3.) It is also the rendering of a Hebrew word (shalish) meaning "a third man," or "one of three." The LXX. render in plural by _tristatai_; i.e., "soldiers fighting from chariots," so called because each war-chariot contained three men, one of whom acted as charioteer while the other two fought Exodus:14:7 Exodus:15:4; kjvKings:9:22; comp. 2Kings:9:25). This word is used also to denote the king's body-guard ( 2Kings:10:25; 1Chronicles:12:18; 2Chronicals:11:11) or aides-de-camp. (4.) The "captain of the temple" mentioned in Acts:4:1 and 5:24 was not a military officer, but superintendent of the guard of priests and Levites who kept watch in the temple by night. (Comp. "the ruler of the house of God," 1Chronicles:9:11; 2Chronicals:31:13; Nehemiah:11:11.) (5.) The Captain of our salvation is a name given to our Lord Hebrews:2:10), because he is the author and source of our salvation, the head of his people, whom he is conducting to glory. The "captain of the Lord's host" Joshua:5:14-15) is the name given to that mysterious person who manifested himself to Abraham Genesis:12:7), and to Moses in the bush Exodus:3:2 Exodus:3:6, etc.) the Angel of the covenant. (See ANGEL.)
CAPTAIN @ -Commander-in-chief of an army Deuteronomy:20:9; Judges:4:2; 1Samuel:14:50; 1Kings:2:35; 1Kings:16:16; 1Chronicles:27:34 -Of the tribes Numbers:2 -Of thousands Numbers:31:48; 1Samuel:17:18; 1Chronicles:28:1 -Of hundreds 2Kings:11:15 -See CENTURION -Of fifties 2Kings:1:9; Isaiah:3:3 -Of the guard Genesis:37:36; 2Kings:25:8 -Of the ward Jeremiah:37:13 -Signifying any commander, as 1Samuel:9:16; 1Samuel:22:2; 2Kings:20:5 -Leader 1Chronicles:11:21; 1Chronicles:12:34; 2Chronicles:17:14-19; John:18:12 -David's captains, or chief heroes 2Samuel:23; 1Chronicles:11:12 -King appoints 1Samuel:18:13; 2Samuel:17:25; 2Samuel:18:1 -Angel of the Lord, called Joshua:5:14; 2Chronicles:13:12 -Christ called Hebrews:2:10 -See ARMIES
CAPTAINS @ of the Host- Numbers:31:48; Deuteronomy:20:9; Judges:4:2; 1Samuel:14:50; 1Samuel:17:18; 1Kings:16:16 2Kings:11:15; 2Kings:25:8; 1Chronicles:11:21; 1Chronicles:12:34
CAPTAIN @ - As a purely military title, "captain" answers to sar in the Hebrew army and tribune in the Roman. The captain of the guard in Acts:28:16) was probably the prefectus pratorio . Katsin , occasionally rendered captain, applies Sometimes to a military, Joshua:10:24; Judges:11:6 Judges:11:11 Isaiah:22:3; Daniel:11:18) sometimes to a civil command, e.g. Isaiah:1:10 Isaiah:3:6) The captain of the temple, mentioned Luke:22:4; Acts:4:1 Acts:5:24) superintended the guard of priests and Levites who kept watch by night in the temple.
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