Aram @ the son of Shem Genesis:10:22); according to Genesis:22:21, a grandson of Nahor. In Matthew:1:3-4, and Luke:3:33, this word is the Greek form of Ram, the father of Amminadab ( 1Chronicles:2:10). The word means high, or highlands, and as the name of a country denotes that elevated region extending from the northeast of Palestine to the Euphrates. It corresponded generally with the Syria and Mesopotamia of the Greeks and Romans. In Genesis:25:20Genesis:31:20Genesis:31:24; Deuteronomy:26:5, the word "Syrian" is properly "Aramean" (R.V., marg.). Damascus became at length the capital of the several smaller kingdoms comprehended under the designation "Aram" or "Syria."
Aram-naharaim @ Aram of the two rivers, is Mesopotamia (as it is rendered in Genesis:24:10), the country enclosed between the Tigris on the east and the Euphrates on the west Psalms:60, title); called also the "field of Aram" Hosea:12:12, R.V.) i.e., the open country of Aram; in the Authorized Version, "country of Syria." Padan-aram (q.v.) was a portion of this country.
Aram-zobah @ Psalms:60, title), probably the region between the Euphrates and the Orontes.