Augustus @ the cognomen of the first Roman emperor, C. Julius Caesar Octavianus, during whose reign Christ was born Luke:2:1). His decree that "all the world should be taxed" was the divinely ordered occasion of Jesus' being born, according to prophecy Micah:5:2), in Bethlehem. This name being simply a title meaning "majesty" or "venerable," first given to him by the senate (B.C. 27), was borne by succeeding emperors. Before his death (A.D. 14) he associated Tiberius with him in the empire Luke:3:1), by whom he was succeeded.
Augustus band @ Acts:27:1.: literally, of Sebaste, the Greek form of Augusta, the name given to Caesarea in honour of Augustus Caesar). Probably this "band" or cohort consisted of Samaritan soldiers belonging to Caesarea.