Gath @ a wine-vat, one of the five royal cities of the Philistines Joshua:13:3) on which the ark brought calamity ( 1Samuel:5:8-91Samuel:6:17). It was famous also as being the birthplace or residence of Goliath ( 1Samuel:17:4). David fled from Saul to Achish, king of Gath ( 1Samuel:21:101Samuel:27:2-4; Psalms:56), and his connection with it will account for the words in 2Samuel:1:20. It was afterwards conquered by David ( 2Samuel:8:1). It occupied a strong position on the borders of Judah and Philistia ( 1Samuel:21:10; 1Chronicles:18:1). Its site has been identified with the hill called Tell esSafieh, the Alba Specula of the Middle Ages, which rises 695 feet above the plain on its east edge. It is noticed on monuments about B.C. 1500. (See METHEGAMMAH.)
Gath-hepher @ wine-press of the well, a town of Lower Galilee, about 5 miles from Nazareth; the birthplace of Jonah ( 2Kings:14:25); the same as Gittah-hepher Joshua:19:13). It has been identified with the modern el-Meshed, a village on the top of a rocky hill. Here the supposed tomb of Jonah, Neby Yunas, is still pointed out.