Dictionary Mode: easton:Governor
Governor @ (1.) Heb. nagid, a prominent, conspicuous person, whatever his capacity: as, chief of the royal palace ( 2Chronicals:28:7; comp. kjvKings:4:6), chief of the temple ( 1Chronicles:9:11; Jeremiah:20:1), the leader of the Aaronites ( 1Chronicles:12:27), keeper of the sacred treasury (26:24), captain of the army (13:1), the king ( 1Samuel:9:16), the Messiah Daniel:9:25). (2.) Heb. nasi, raised; exalted. Used to denote the chiefs of families Numbers:3:24 Numbers:3:30, 32, 35); also of tribes (2:3; 7:2; 3:32). These dignities appear to have been elective, not hereditary. (3.) Heb. pakid, an officer or magistrate. It is used of the delegate of the high priest ( 2Chronicals:24:11), the Levites Nehemiah:11:22), a military commander ( 2Kings:25:19), Joseph's officers in Egypt Genesis:41:34). (4.) Heb. shallit, one who has power, who rules Genesis:42:6; Ezra:4:20; Ecclesiastes:8:8; Daniel:2:15 Daniel:5:29). (5.) Heb. aluph, literally one put over a thousand, i.e., a clan or a subdivision of a tribe. Used of the "dukes" of Edom Genesis:36), and of the Jewish chiefs Zechariah:9:7). (6.) Heb. moshel, one who rules, holds dominion. Used of many classes of rulers Genesis:3:16 Genesis:24:2 Genesis:45:8 ; Psalms:105:20); of the Messiah Micah:5:2); of God ( 1Chronicles:29:12; Psalms:103:19). (7.) Heb. sar, a ruler or chief; a word of very general use. It is used of the chief baker of Pharaoh Genesis:40:16); of the chief butler (40:2, etc. See also Genesis:47:6; Exodus:1:11; Daniel:1:7; Judges:10:18; kjvKings:22:26; 20:15; 2Kings:1:9; 2Samuel:24:2). It is used also of angels, guardian angels Daniel:10:13 Daniel:10:20, 21; 12:1; 10:13; 8:25). (8.) Pehah, whence _pasha_, i.e., friend of the king; adjutant; governor of a province ( 2Kings:18:24; Isaiah:36:9; Jeremiah:51:57; Ezekiel:23:6 Ezekiel:23:23 Daniel:3:2; Esther:3:12), or a perfect Nehemiah:3:7 Nehemiah:5:14; Ezra:5:3; Haggai:1:1). This is a foreign word, Assyrian, which was early adopted into the Hebrew idiom (kjvKings:10:15). (9.) The Chaldean word _segan_ is applied to the governors of the Babylonian satrapies Daniel:3:2 Daniel:3:27 Daniel:6:7); the prefects over the Magi (2:48). The corresponding Hebrew word _segan_ is used of provincial rulers Jeremiah:51:23 Jeremiah:51:28, 57); also of chiefs and rulers of the people of Jerusalem Ezra:9:2; Nehemiah:2:16 Nehemiah:4:14 Nehemiah:4:19 Nehemiah:5:7 ,17; 7:5; 12:40). In the New Testament there are also different Greek words rendered thus. (1.) Meaning an ethnarch ( 2Corinthians:11:32), which was an office distinct from military command, with considerable latitude of application. (2.) The procurator of Judea under the Romans Matthew:27:2). (Comp. Luke:2:2, where the verb from which the Greek word so rendered is derived is used.) (3.) Steward Galatians:4:2). (4.) Governor of the feast John:2:9), who appears here to have been merely an intimate friend of the bridegroom, and to have presided at the marriage banquet in his stead. (5.) A director, i.e., helmsman; Lat. gubernator, James:3:4).
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