Bar-jesus @ son of Joshua, the patronymic of Elymas the sorcerer Acts:13:6), who met Paul and Barnabas at Paphos. Elymas is a word of Arabic origin meaning "wise."
Bar-jona @ son of Jonah, the patronymic of Peter Matthew:16:17; John:1:42), because his father's name was Jonas. (See PETER.)
Barabbas @ i.e., son of Abba or of a father, a notorious robber whom Pilate proposed to condemn to death instead of Jesus, whom he wished to release, in accordance with the Roman custom John:18:40; Mark:15:7; Luke:23:19). But the Jews were so bent on the death of Jesus that they demanded that Barabbas should be pardoned Matthew:27:16-26; Acts:3:14). This Pilate did.
Barachel @ whom God has blessed, a Buzite, the father of Elihu, one of Job's friends Job:32:2Job:32:6).
Barak @ lightning, the son of Abinoam Judges:4:6). At the summons of Deborah he made war against Jabin. She accompanied him into the battle, and gave the signal for the little army to make the attack; in which the host of Jabin was completely routed. The battle was fought Judges:4:16) in the plain of Jezreel (q.v.). This deliverance of Israel is commemorated in Judges:5. Barak's faith is commended Hebrews:11:32). "The character of Barak, though pious, does not seem to have been heroic. Like Gideon, and in a sense Samson, he is an illustration of the words in Hebrews:11:34, 'Out of weakness were made strong.'" (See DEBORAH.)
Barbarian @ a Greek word used in the New Testament Romans:1:14) to denote one of another nation. In Colossians:3:11, the word more definitely designates those nations of the Roman empire that did not speak Greek. In 1Corinthians:14:11, it simply refers to one speaking a different language. The inhabitants of Malta are so called Acts:28:1-2, 4). They were originally a Carthaginian colony. This word nowhere in Scripture bears the meaning it does in modern times.
Barber @ Found only once, in Ezekiel:5:1, where reference is made to the Jewish custom of shaving the head as a sign of mourning. The Nazarites were untouched by the razor from their birth Numbers:6:5). Comp. Judges:16:19.
Barefoot @ To go barefoot was a sign of great distress Isaiah:20:2-3, 4), or of some great calamity having fallen on a person ( 2Samuel:15:30).
Bariah @ fugitive, one of Shemaiah's five sons. Their father is counted along with them in 1Chronicles:3:22.
Barnabas @ son of consolation, the surname of Joses, a Levite Acts:4:36). His name stands first on the list of prophets and teachers of the church at Antioch (13:1). Luke speaks of him as a "good man" (11:24). He was born of Jewish parents of the tribe of Levi. He was a native of Cyprus, where he had a possession of land Acts:4:36-37), which he sold. His personal appearance is supposed to have been dignified and commanding Acts:14:11-12). When Paul returned to Jerusalem after his conversion, Barnabas took him and introduced him to the apostles (9:27). They had probably been companions as students in the school of Gamaliel. The prosperity of the church at Antioch led the apostles and brethren at Jerusalem to send Barnabas thither to superintend the movement. He found the work so extensive and weighty that he went to Tarsus in search of Saul to assist him. Saul returned with him to Antioch and laboured with him for a whole year Acts:11:25-26). The two were at the end of this period sent up to Jerusalem with the contributions the church at Antioch had made for the poorer brethren there (11:28-30). Shortly after they returned, bringing John Mark with them, they were appointed as missionaries to the heathen world, and in this capacity visited Cyprus and some of the principal cities of Asia Minor Acts:13:14). Returning from this first missionary journey to Antioch, they were again sent up to Jerusalem to consult with the church there regarding the relation of Gentiles to the church Acts:15:2: Galatians:2:1). This matter having been settled, they returned again to Antioch, bringing the decree of the council as the rule by which Gentiles were to be admitted into the church. When about to set forth on a second missionary journey, a dispute arose between Saul and Barnabas as to the propriety of taking John Mark with them again. The dispute ended by Saul and Barnabas taking separate routes. Saul took Silas as his companion, and journeyed through Syria and Cilicia; while Barnabas took his nephew John Mark, and visited Cyprus Acts:15:36-41). Barnabas is not again mentioned by Luke in the Acts.
Barsabas @ son of Saba, the surname (1) of Joseph, also called Justus Acts:1:23), some identify him with Barnabas; (2) of Judas, who was a "prophet." Nothing more is known of him than what is mentioned in Acts:15:32.
Bartholomew @ son of Tolmai, one of the twelve apostles Matthew:10:3; Acts:1:13); generally supposed to have been the same as Nathanael. In the synoptic gospels Philip and Bartholomew are always mentioned together, while Nathanael is never mentioned; in the fourth gospel, on the other hand, Philip and Nathanael are similarly mentioned together, but nothing is said of Bartholomew. He was one of the disciples to whom our Lord appeared at the Sea of Tiberias after his resurrection John:21:2). He was also a witness of the Ascension Acts:1:4Acts:1:12, 13). He was an "Israelite indeed" John:1:47).
Bartimaeus @ son of Timaeus, one of the two blind beggars of Jericho Mark:10:46; Matthew:20:30). His blindness was miraculously cured on the ground of his faith.
Baruch @ blessed. (1.) The secretary of the prophet Jeremiah (32:12; 36:4). He was of the tribe of Judah (51:59). To him Jeremiah dictated his prophecies regarding the invasion of the Babylonians and the Captivity. These he read to the people from a window in the temple in the fourth year of the reign of Jehoiakim, king of Judah Jeremiah:36). He afterwards read them before the counsellors of the king at a private interview; and then to the king himself, who, after hearing a part of the roll, cut it with a penknife, and threw it into the fire of his winter parlour, where he was sitting. During the siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, he was the keeper of the deed of purchase Jeremiah had made of the territory of Hanameel Jeremiah:32:12). Being accused by his enemies of favouring the Chaldeans, he was cast, with Jeremiah, into prison, where he remained till the capture of Jerusalem (B.C. 586). He probably died in Babylon. (2.) Nehemiah:3:20Nehemiah:10:6Nehemiah:11:5 .
Barzillai @ of iron. (1.) A Meholathite, the father of Adriel ( 2Samuel:21:8). (2.) A Gileadite of Rogelim who was distinguished for his loyalty to David. He liberally provided for the king's followers ( 2Samuel:17:27). David on his death-bed, remembering his kindness, commended Barzillai's children to the care of Solomon (kjvKings:2:7). (3.) A priest who married a daughter of the preceding Ezra:2:61).