Bashan @ light soil, first mentioned in Genesis:14:5, where it is said that Chedorlaomer and his confederates "smote the Rephaim in Ashteroth," where Og the king of Bashan had his residence. At the time of Israel's entrance into the Promised Land, Og came out against them, but was utterly routed Numbers:21:33-35; Deuteronomy:3:1-7). This country extended from Gilead in the south to Hermon in the north, and from the Jordan on the west to Salcah on the east. Along with the half of Gilead it was given to the half-tribe of Manasseh Joshua:13:29-31). Golan, one of its cities, became a "city of refuge" Joshua:21:27). Argob, in Bashan, was one of Solomon's commissariat districts (kjvKings:4:13). The cities of Bashan were taken by Hazael ( 2Kings:10:33), but were soon after reconquered by Jehoash ( 2Kings:13:25), who overcame the Syrians in three battles, according to the word of Elisha (19). From this time Bashan almost disappears from history, although we read of the wild cattle of its rich pastures Ezekiel:39:18; Psalms:22:12), the oaks of its forests Isaiah:2:13; Ezekiel:27:6; Zechariah:11:2), and the beauty of its extensive plains Amos:4:1; Jeremiah:50:19). Soon after the conquest, the name "Gilead" was given to the whole country beyond Jordan. After the Exile, Bashan was divided into four districts, (1.) Gaulonitis, or Jaulan, the most western; (2.) Auranitis, the Hauran Ezekiel:47:16); (3.) Argob or Trachonitis, now the Lejah; and (4.) Batanaea, now Ard-el-Bathanyeh, on the east of the Lejah, with many deserted towns almost as perfect as when they were inhabited. (See HAURAN.)
Bashan, Hill of @ Psalms:68:15), probably another name for Hermon, which lies to the north of Bashan.
Bashan-havoth-jair @ the Bashan of the villages of Jair, the general name given to Argob by Jair, the son of Manasseh Deuteronomy:3:14), containing sixty cities with walls and brazen gates Joshua:13:30; kjvKings:4:13). (See ARGOB.)