Beth-shemesh @ house of the sun. (1.) A sacerdotal city in the tribe of Dan Joshua:21:16; 1Samuel:6:15), on the north border of Judah Joshua:15:10). It was the scene of an encounter between Jehoash, king of Israel, and Amaziah, king of Judah, in which the latter was made prisoner ( 2Kings:14:11-13). It was afterwards taken by the Philistines ( 2Chronicals:28:18). It is the modern ruined Arabic village 'Ain-shems, on the north-west slopes of the mountains of Judah, 14 miles west of Jerusalem. (2.) A city between Dothan and the Jordan, near the southern border of Issachar Joshua:19:22), 7 1/2 miles south of Beth-shean. It is the modern Ain-esh-Shemsiyeh. (3.) One of the fenced cities of Naphtali Joshua:19:38), between Mount Tabor and the Jordan. Now Khurbet Shema, 3 miles west of Safed. But perhaps the same as No. 2. (4.) An idol sanctuary in Egypt Jeremiah:43:13); called by the Greeks Heliopolis, and by the Egyptians On (q.v.), Genesis:41:45.