Dictionary Mode: easton:Cup
@ a wine-cup Genesis:40:11-21), various forms of which are found on Assyrian and Egyptian monuments. All Solomon's drinking vessels were of gold (kjv Kings:10: 21). The cups mentioned in the New Testament were made after Roman and Greek models, and were sometimes of gold Revelation:17:4). The art of divining by means of a cup was practiced in Egypt Genesis:44:2-17), and in the East generally. The "cup of salvation" Psalms:116:13) is the cup of thanksgiving for the great salvation. The "cup of consolation" Jeremiah:16:7) refers to the custom of friends sending viands and wine to console relatives in mourning Proverbs:31:6). In 1Corinthians:10:16, the "cup of blessing" is contrasted with the "cup of devils" ( 1Corinthians:10:21). The sacramental cup is the "cup of blessing," because of blessing pronounced over it Matthew:26:27; Luke:22:17). The "portion of the cup" Psalms:11:6 Psalms:16:5) denotes one's condition of life, prosperous or adverse. A "cup" is also a type of sensual allurement Jeremiah:51:7; Proverbs:23:31; Revelation:17:4). We read also of the "cup of astonishment," the "cup of trembling," and the "cup of God's wrath" Psalms:75:8; Isaiah:51:17; Jeremiah:25:15; Lamentations:4:21; Ezekiel:23:32; Revelation:16:19; comp. Matthew:26:39 Matthew:26:42 John:18:11). The cup is also the symbol of death Matthew:16:28; Mark:9:1; Hebrews:2:9).
Cup-bearer @ an officer of high rank with Egyptian, Persian, Assyrian, and Jewish monarchs. The cup-bearer of the king of Egypt is mentioned in connection with Joseph's history Genesis:40:1-21 Genesis:41:9). Rabshakeh (q.v.) was cup-bearer in the Assyrian court ( 2Kings:18:17). Nehemiah filled this office to the king of Persia Nehemiah:1:11). We read also of Solomon's cup-bearers (kjv Kings:10:5; 2Chronicals:9:4).
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