Dictionary Mode: easton:Fast
Fast @ The sole fast required by the law of Moses was that of the great Day of Atonement (q.v.), Leviticus:23:26-32. It is called "the fast" Acts:27:9). The only other mention of a periodical fast in the Old Testament is in Zechariah:7:1-7 Zechariah:8:19, from which it appears that during their captivity the Jews observed four annual fasts. (1.) The fast of the fourth month, kept on the seventeenth day of Tammuz, the anniversary of the capture of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans; to commemorate also the incident recorded Exodus:32:19. (Comp. Jeremiah:52:6-7.) (2.) The fast of the fifth month, kept on the ninth of Ab (comp. Numbers:14:27), to commemorate the burning of the city and temple Jeremiah:52:12-13). (3.) The fast of the seventh month, kept on the third of Tisri (comp. 2Kings:25), the anniversary of the murder of Gedaliah Jeremiah:41:1-2). (4.) The fast of the tenth month (comp. Jeremiah:52:4; Ezekiel:33:21; 2Kings:25:1), to commemorate the beginning of the siege of the holy city by Nebuchadnezzar. There was in addition to these the fast appointed by Esther (4:16). Public national fasts on account of sin or to supplicate divine favour were sometimes held. (1.) 1Samuel:7:6; (2.) 2Chronicals:20:3; (3.) Jeremiah:36:6-10; (4.) Nehemiah:9:1. There were also local fasts. (1.) Judges:20:26; (2.) 2Samuel:1:12; (3.) 1Samuel:31:13; (4.) kjvKings:21:9-12; (5.) Ezra:8:21-23: (6.) Jonah:3:5-9. There are many instances of private occasional fasting ( 1Samuel:1:7: 20:34; 2Samuel:3:35 2Samuel:12:16; kjvKings:21:27; Ezra:10:6; Nehemiah:1:4; Daniel:10:2-3). Moses fasted forty days Exodus:24:18 Exodus:34:28), and so also did Elijah (kjvKings:19:8). Our Lord fasted forty days in the wilderness Matthew:4:2). In the lapse of time the practice of fasting was lamentably abused Isaiah:58:4; Jeremiah:14:12; Zechariah:7:5). Our Lord rebuked the Pharisees for their hypocritical pretences in fasting Matthew:6:16). He himself appointed no fast. The early Christians, however, observed the ordinary fasts according to the law of their fathers Acts:13:3 Acts:14:23; 2Corinthians:6:5).
The DICT Development Group
2012 - pBiblx2 Field Wise Bible System Version 2.0.9d - GPL3