Furnace @ (1.) Chald. attun, a large furnace with a wide open mouth, at the top of which materials were cast in Daniel:3:22-23; comp. Jeremiah:29:22). This furnace would be in constant requisition, for the Babylonians disposed of their dead by cremation, as did also the Accadians who invaded Mesopotamia. (2.) Heb. kibshan, a smelting furnace Genesis:19:28), also a lime-kiln Isaiah:33:12; Amos:2:1). (3.) Heb. kur, a refining furnace Proverbs:17:3Proverbs:27:21; Ezekiel:22:18). (4.) Heb. alil, a crucible; only used in Psalms:12:6. (5.) Heb. tannur, oven for baking bread Genesis:15:17; Isaiah:31:9; Nehemiah:3:11). It was a large pot, narrowing towards the top. When it was heated by a fire made within, the dough was spread over the heated surface, and thus was baked. "A smoking furnace and a burning lamp" Genesis:15:17), the symbol of the presence of the Almighty, passed between the divided pieces of Abraham's sacrifice in ratification of the covenant God made with him. (See OVEN.) (6.) Gr. kamnos, a furnace, kiln, or oven Matthew:13:42Matthew:13:50Revelation:1:15Revelation:9:2).