Ham @ warm, hot, and hence the south; also an Egyptian word meaning "black", the youngest son of Noah Genesis:5:32; comp. 9:22-24). The curse pronounced by Noah against Ham, properly against Canaan his fourth son, was accomplished when the Jews subsequently exterminated the Canaanites. One of the most important facts recorded in Genesis:10 is the foundation of the earliest monarchy in Babylonia by Nimrod the grandson of Ham (6, 8, 10). The primitive Babylonian empire was thus Hamitic, and of a cognate race with the primitive inhabitants of Arabia and of Ethiopia. (See ACCAD.) The race of Ham were the most energetic of all the descendants of Noah in the early times of the post-diluvian world.
Haman @ (of Persian origin), magnificent, the name of the vizier (i.e., the prime minister) of the Persian king Ahasuerus Esther:3:1, etc.). He is called an "Agagite," which seems to denote that he was descended from the royal family of the Amalekites, the bitterest enemies of the Jews, as Agag was one of the titles of the Amalekite kings. He or his parents were brought to Persia as captives taken in war. He was hanged on the gallows which he had erected for Mordecai the Jew Esther:7:10). (See ESTHER
Hamath @ fortress, the capital of one of the kingdoms of Upper Syria of the same name, on the Orontes, in the valley of Lebanon, at the northern boundary of Palestine Numbers:13:21Numbers:34:8), at the foot of Hermon Joshua:13:5) towards Damascus Zechariah:9:2; Jeremiah:49:23). It is called "Hamath the great" in Amos:6:2, and "Hamath-zobah" in 2Chronicals:8:3. Hamath, now Hamah, had an Aramaean population, but Hittite monuments discovered there show that it must have been at one time occupied by the Hittites. It was among the conquests of the Pharaoh Thothmes III. Its king, Tou or Toi, made alliance with David ( 2Samuel:8:10), and in B.C. 740 Azariah formed a league with it against Assyria. It was, however, conquered by the Assyrians, and its nineteen districts placed under Assyrian governors. In B.C. 720 it revolted under a certain Yahu-bihdi, whose name, compounded with that of the God of Israel (Yahu), perhaps shows that he was of Jewish origin. But the revolt was suppressed, and the people of Hamath were transported to Samaria ( 2Kings:17:242Kings:17:30), where they continued to worship their god Ashima. Hamah is beautifully situated on the Orontes, 32 miles north of Emesa, and 36 south of the ruins of Assamea. The kingdom of Hamath comprehended the great plain lying on both banks of the Orontes from the fountain near Riblah to Assamea on the north, and from Lebanon on the west to the desert on the east. The "entrance of Hamath" Numbers:34:8), which was the north boundary of Palestine, led from the west between the north end of Lebanon and the Nusairiyeh mountains.
Hamath-zobah @ fortress of Zobah, ( 2Chronicals:8:3) is supposed by some to be a different place from the foregoing; but this is quite uncertain.
Hammath @ warm springs, one of the "fenced cities" of Naphtali Joshua:19:35). It is identified with the warm baths (the heat of the water ranging from 136 degrees to 144 degrees) still found on the shore a little to the south of Tiberias under the name of Hummam Tabariyeh ("Bath of Tiberias").
Hammelech @ the king's, the father of Jerahmeel, mentioned in Jeremiah:36:26. Some take this word as a common noun, "the king", and understand that Jerahmeel was Jehoiakim's son. Probably, however, it is to be taken as a proper name.
Hammer @ (1.) Heb. pattish, used by gold-beaters Isaiah:41:7) and by quarry-men Jeremiah:23:29). Metaphorically of Babylon Jeremiah:50:23) or Nebuchadnezzar. (2.) Heb. makabah, a stone-cutter's mallet (kjvKings:6:7), or of any workman Judges:4:21; Isaiah:44:12). (3.) Heb. halmuth, a poetical word for a workman's hammer, found only in Judges:5:26, where it denotes the mallet with which the pins of the tent of the nomad are driven into the ground. (4.) Heb. mappets, rendered "battle-axe" in Jeremiah:51:20. This was properly a "mace," which is thus described by Rawlinson: "The Assyrian mace was a short, thin weapon, and must either have been made of a very tough wood or (and this is more probable) of metal. It had an ornamented head, which was sometimes very beautifully modelled, and generally a strap or string at the lower end by which it could be grasped with greater firmness."
Hammoleketh @ the queen, the daughter of Machir and sister of Gilead ( 1Chronicles:7:17-18). Abiezer was one of her three children.
Hammon @ warm springs. (1.) A town in the tribe of Asher, near Zidon Joshua:19:28), identified with 'Ain Hamul. (2.) A Levitical city of Naphtali ( 1Chronicles:6:76).
Hammoth-dor @ warm springs, a Levitical city of Naphtali Joshua:21:32); probably Hammath in 19:35.
Hamon @ See BAAL-HAMON.
Hamon-gog @ multitude of Gog, the name of the valley in which the slaughtered forces of Gog are to be buried Ezekiel:39:11Ezekiel:39:15), "the valley of the passengers on the east of the sea."
Hamonah @ multitude, a name figuratively assigned to the place in which the slaughter and burial of the forces of Gog were to take place Ezekiel:39:16).
Hamor @ he-ass, a Hivite from whom Jacob purchased the plot of ground in which Joseph was afterwards buried Genesis:33:19). He is called "Emmor" in Acts:7:16. His son Shechem founded the city of that name which Simeon and Levi destroyed because of his crime in the matter of Dinah, Jacob's daughter Genesis:34:20). Hamor and Shechem were also slain (ver. 26).