Hor @ mountain. (1.) One of the mountains of the chain of Seir or Edom, on the confines of Idumea Numbers:20:22-29Numbers:33:37). It was one of the stations of the Israelites in the wilderness (33:37), which they reached in the circuitous route they were obliged to take because the Edomites refused them a passage through their territory. It was during the encampment here that Aaron died Numbers:33:37-41). (See AARON.) The Israelites passed this mountain several times in their wanderings. It bears the modern name of Jebel Harun, and is the highest and most conspicious of the whole range. It stands about midway between the Dead Sea and the Elanitic gulf. It has two summits, in the hallow between which it is supposed that Aaron died. Others, however, suppose that this mountain is the modern Jebel Madurah, on the opposite, i.e., the western, side of the Arabah. (2.) One of the marks of the northern boundary of Palestine Numbers:34:7-8). Nowhere else mentioned. Perhaps it is one of the peaks of Lebanon.
Horeb @ desert or mountain of the dried-up ground, a general name for the whole mountain range of which Sinai was one of the summits Exodus:3:1Exodus:17:6Exodus:33:6 ; Psalms:106:19, etc.). The modern name of the whole range is Jebel Musa. It is a huge mountain block, about 2 miles long by about 1 in breadth, with a very spacious plain at its north-east end, called the Er Rahah, in which the Israelites encamped for nearly a whole year. (See SINAI.)
Horem @ consecrated, one of the fenced cities of Naphtali Joshua:19:38).
Horites @ cave-men, a race of Troglodytes who dwelt in the limestone caves which abounded in Edom. Their ancestor was "Seir," who probably gave his name to the district where he lived. They were a branch of the Hivites Genesis:14:6Genesis:36:20-30; 1Chronicles:1:38-39). They were dispossessed by the descendants of Esau, and as a people gradually became extinct Deuteronomy:2:12-22).
Hormah @ banning; i.e., placing under a "ban," or devoting to utter destruction. After the manifestation of God's anger against the Israelites, on account of their rebellion and their murmurings when the spies returned to the camp at Kadesh, in the wilderness of Paran, with an evil report of the land, they quickly repented of their conduct, and presumed to go up "to the head of the mountain," seeking to enter the Promised Land, but without the presence of the Lord, without the ark of the convenant, and without Moses. The Amalekites and the Canaanites came down and "smote and discomfited them even unto Hormah" Numbers:14:45). This place, or perhaps the watch-tower commanding it, was originally called Zephath Judges:1:17), the modern Sebaiteh. Afterwards Numbers:21:1-3) Arad, the king of the Canaanites, at the close of the wanderings, when the Israelites were a second time encamped at Kadesh, "fought against them, and took some of them prisoners." But Israel vowed a vow unto the Lord utterly to destroy the cities of the Canaanites; they "banned" them, and hence the place was now called Hormah. But this "ban" was not fully executed till the time of Joshua, who finally conquered the king of this district, so that the ancient name Zephath became "Hormah" Joshua:12:14; Judges:1:17).
Hornet @ Heb. tsir'ah, "stinging", Exodus:23:28; Deuteronomy:7:20; Joshua:24:12). The word is used in these passages as referring to some means by which the Canaanites were to be driven out from before the Israelites. Some have supposed that the word is used in a metaphorical sense as the symbol of some panic which would seize the people as a "terror of God" Genesis:35:5), the consternation with which God would inspire the Canaanites. In Palestine there are four species of hornets, differing from our hornets, being larger in size, and they are very abundant. They "attack human beings in a very furious manner." "The furious attack of a swarm of hornets drives cattle and horses to madness, and has even caused the death of the animals."
Horonaim @ two caverns, a city of Moab to the south of the Arnon, built, apparently, upon an eminence, and a place of some importance Isaiah:15:5; Jeremiah:48:3-5, 34).
Horse-gate @ a gate in the wall of Jerusalem, at the west end of the bridge, leading from Zion to the temple Nehemiah:3:28; Jeremiah:31:40).
Horse-leech @ occurs only in Proverbs:30:15 (Heb. 'alukah); the generic name for any blood-sucking annelid. There are various species in the marshes and pools of Palestine. That here referred to, the Hoemopis, is remarkable for the coarseness of its bite, and is therefore not used for medical purposes. They are spoken of in the East with feelings of aversion and horror, because of their propensity to fasten on the tongue and nostrils of horses when they come to drink out of the pools. The medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis), besides other species of leeches, are common in the waters of Syria.
Horseman @ Heb. ba'al parash, "master of a horse." The "horsemen" mentioned Exodus:14:9 were "mounted men", i.e., men who rode in chariots. The army of Pharaoh consisted of a chariot and infantry force. We find that at a later period, however, the Egyptians had cavalry ( 2Chronicals:12:3). (See HORSE.)