Vine @ one of the most important products of Palestine. The first mention of it is in the history of Noah Genesis:9:20). It is afterwards frequently noticed both in the Old and New Testaments, and in the ruins of terraced vineyards there are evidences that it was extensively cultivated by the Jews. It was cultivated in Palestine before the Israelites took possession of it. The men sent out by Moses brought with them from the Valley of Eshcol a cluster of grapes so large that "they bare it between two upon a staff" Numbers:13:23). The vineyards of En-gedi (Cant. 1:14), Heshbon, Sibmah, Jazer, Elealeh Isaiah:16:8-10; Jeremiah:48:32-34), and Helbon Ezekiel:27:18), as well as of Eshcol, were celebrated. The Church is compared to a vine Psalms:80:8), and Christ says of himself, "I am the vine" John:15:1). In one of his parables also Matthew:21:33) our Lord compares his Church to a vineyard which "a certain householder planted, and hedged round about," etc. Hosea:10:1 is rendered in the Revised Version, "Israel is a luxuriant vine, which putteth forth his fruit," instead of "Israel is an empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself," of the Authorized Version.
Vine of Sodom @ referred to only in Deuteronomy:32:32. Among the many conjectures as to this tree, the most probable is that it is the 'osher of the Arabs, which abounds in the region of the Dead Sea. Its fruit are the so-called "apples of Sodom," which, though beautiful to the eye, are exceedingly bitter to the taste. (See EN-GEDI
Vinegar @ Heb. hometz, Gr. oxos, Fr. vin aigre; i.e., "sour wine." The Hebrew word is rendered vinegar in Psalms:69:21, a prophecy fulfilled in the history of the crucifixion Matthew:27:34). This was the common sour wine (posea) daily made use of by the Roman soldiers. They gave it to Christ, not in derision, but from compassion, to assuage his thirst. Proverbs:10:26 shows that there was also a stronger vinegar, which was not fit for drinking. The comparison, "vinegar upon nitre," probably means "vinegar upon soda" (as in the marg. of the R.V.), which then effervesces.